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World Economic and Social Survey 2004   
World Economic and Social Survey 2004
Trends and Policies in the World Economy
UNITED NATIONS
Reprinted in India by Academic Foundation, New Delhi.
Paper  Back Book   :   Pages : 172
2005  Edition         :   ISBN - 81-7188-459-8
Price : Rs. 595.00  
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ABOUT THE BOOK :

The present volume:

Part I
of the World Economic and Social Survey 2004 examines recent developments in and prospects of the world economy and addresses their implications for the developing countries in the struggle against poverty. In 2004, the world economy continued the recovery that had started in 2003 and the indications are that this progress will be sustained into 2005. Nevertheless, there are a number of immediate dangers, most notably higher oil prices and the large trade imbalances of some of the world's major economies. Economic progress in India and China is likely to enable the world as a whole to achieve the Millennium Development Goal of reducing poverty by half by 2015. At the same time, many of the poorest countries are expected to fall well short. the Survey analyzes these and other issues in depth and also includes statistical tables, which give standardised data on international trade and finance, incorporating current data and forecasts. It is essential for decision makers in government and business, and provides valuable information to all interested in the trends of global economy.


CONTENTS IN DETAIL :

Preface

Executive Summary

Contents

Explanatory Notes

 

State of the World Economy

 

I.

FDI inflows down again - but recovery is on its way

Summary

Sustaining robust growth

Revitalizing employment

Restraining inflation

Managing downside risks

Delivering on the commitment to development

 

II.

International Trade

Summary

Regional trends and outlook

Commodity prices and markets

Agricultural commodities

Minerals and metals

Do higher prices indicate a tight world oil market?

Trade policy developments

The multilateral sphere: the Doha negotiations

Termination of the Agreement on Textiles and Clothing

Mushrooming of regional and bilateral initiatives .

 

III.

International Finance

Summary

Financial flows to developing and transition economies

Private financial flows

Official flows

Net transfer of financial resources

International financial cooperation for development

Official development finance

Multilateral development cooperation

Continuing reform of the international financial architecture

Crisis prevention activities

The modalities of official liquidity provision

Policies on crisis resolution

Enhancing the voice and participation of developing countries

 

IV.

The Situation in the World’s Economies

Summary

Developed market economies: the recovery takes hold

North America: maintaining a robust growth in the United States

Developed Asia and the Pacific: a real recovery for Japan?

Western Europe: recovery yet to solidify

Economies in transition

Central and Eastern Europe: sustaining recovery

The Baltic countries: continuing fast growth

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS): the fastest growing region

The Developing economies

Africa: growth slowly picking up

East Asia: challenges ahead

South Asia: sustaining robust growth

Western Asia: mixed fortunes brought by the war

Latin America and the Caribbean: an incipient recovery

 

Annex

Statistical tables
 

Boxes

I.1

Global implications of the rising economic weight of China

II.1

Sustaining the African Growth and Opportunity Act

IV.1

Fiscal consolidation in the new EU member States

IV.2

The oil sector and economic growth in the Russian Federation

IV.3

Policy challenges in African oil-producing countries

IV.4

Domestic implications of China’s exchange-rate regime: should China float?

 

Figures

I.1

Price of Brent oil in United States dollars and special drawing rights (SDRs), January 2000-April 2004

II.1

Growth in the volume of trade, by major country groupings, 2002-2004

II.2

United States of America: exports and imports of goods and trade balance, 2000-2005

II.3

Non-fuel commodity prices, monthly, January 2002-March 2004

II.4

Price of oil (OPEC reference basket), January 2000-April 2004

II.5

World oil supply and demand, and OPEC oil production, first quarter 2002-fourth quarter 2004

III.1

Yield spreads on emerging market bonds, 1 January 2003-11 May 2004

IV.1

Unemployment rates (standardized) in selected developed economies: January 1999-March 2004

IV.2

Major exchange rates, January 2002-March 2004

IV.3

Inflation in the EU-12, Japan and the United States of America, January 1999-March 2004

IV.4

Industrial production, excluding construction, in selected developed economies: January 1999-March 2004

IV.5

Trade of the Russian Federation with other CIS countries, 2002 and 2003

IV.6

Growth of real GDP in Africa, Chad and Equatorial Guinea, 2001-2004

IV.7

Growth of real GDP in selected South Asian economies, 2002-2004

IV.8

Growth of real GDP in selected Latin American countries, 2002-2004

 

Tables

I.1

Growth of world output and trade, 1995-2005

I.2

Frequency of high and low growth of per capita output, 2001-2003

II.1

Exports of business services from selected developing countries, 1995-2002

II.2

Leading world exporters and importers of textiles and clothing, 2002

III.1

Net financial flows to developing economies and economies in transition, 1993-2003

III.2

Official development assistance of member countries of the Development Assistance Committee, 2003

III.3

Net transfer of financial resources to developing economies and economies in transition, 1995-2003

IV.1

Growth, unemployment and inflation in the major developed economies, quarterly indicators, 2002-2003

IV.2

Growth and inflation in selected economies in transition, quarterly indicators, 2002-2003

IV.3

Growth, unemployment and inflation in major developing economies, quarterly indicators, 2002-2003

IV.4

Unemployment in selected East Asian economies, 1998-2003

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