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World Economic Situation and Prospects 2005   
World Economic Situation and Prospects 2005
UNITED NATIONS
Reprinted in India by Academic Foundation, New Delhi.
Paper  Back Book   :   Pages : 121
2005  Edition         :   ISBN - 81-7188-479-2
Price : Rs. 495.00  
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Information given below includes :
About the Book, About the Author(s)/Editor(s)/Contributors,
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ABOUT THE BOOK :

This report is a joint product of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA), the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and the five United Nations regional commissions (Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), Economic Commission for Europe (ECE), Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), and Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA)). It provides an overview of recent global economic performance and short-term prospects for the world economy and of some key global economic policy and development issues. One of its purposes is to serve as a point of reference for discussions on economic, social and related issues taking place in various United Nations entities in the first half of 2005.


CONTENTS IN DETAIL :

Executive Summary

Contents

 

I.

Global outlook

Some key aspects of growth in 2004

Regional performance and outlook 

The 2004 oil price shock in perspective

The volatility of oil prices 

Macroeconomic effects of higher oil prices 

Two cases of higher oil prices 

Longer term concerns 

A turning point for the global imbalances? 

The impact of the depreciation of the dollar 

Restoring balance in the world economy

 

II.

International trade

Regional trends and outlook 

Commodity prices and markets 

Non-oil commodities 

World oil markets 

Trade policy developments 

Doha negotiations: the adoption of a framework agreement 

Main areas of the framework agreement 

Bilateral and regional trade arrangements burgeon 

Implications of ATC Termination 

Annex: Developments in non-oil commodity markets

 

III.

Financial flows to developing and transition economies

Net transfer of financial resources increases 

Private financial flows: reduced risk premia, but limited flows 

Foreign direct investment recovers 

Patterns of FDI flows are changing 

Growth of FDI in services 

International financial cooperation 

Official flows 

Official development assistance 

Official development cooperation 

New and innovative sources of development finance 

Heavily Indebted Poor Country (HIPC) Initiative and other debt-relief measures 

Multilateral surveillance 

Precautionary financial arrangements 

Crisis resolution 

Financial regulation and supervision 

International standards and codes 

Voice and participation of developing countries in the Bretton Woods Institutions

 

IV.

Regional developments and outlook

Developed market economies 

North America: growing constraints for the United States 

Developed Asia and Pacific: recovery shifts to a lower gear 

Western Europe: Can the recovery be sustained? 

The new European Union members—a strong rebound 

Economies in transition 

Southern and Eastern Europe—retaining growth momentum 

Commonwealth of Independent States: is the boom fading? 

Developing countries 

Africa 

Western Asia: windfall oil revenue reinvigorates economic activity 

South Asia: resilience despite slowdown 

East Asia 

Latin America and the Caribbean: Stronger-than-expected recovery 

 

Annex

Statistical tables
 

Boxes

II.1

Multilateralism, free trade agreements in Asia and the Pacific: progress, challenges and prospects

IV.1

Recent trends in Latin American labour markets

 

Figures

I.1

Non-fuel commodity price indices, 1970-2003

I.2

Exchange rates: Euro/US dollar and Yen/US dollar, 1998-2005

I.3

Oil prices: 1970-2004 (constant 2003 US dollars)

II.1

Selected economies: trade balances, 2003-2005

II.2

Semiconductor shipments, January 2000-September 2004

II.3

Prices of primary commodities and manufactures, January 1999-October 2004

II.4

Oil prices and OPEC-10 production quota, January 2003-November 2004

II.5

World oil supply and demand, first quarter 2003-third quarter 2004

III.1

Yield spreads on emerging market bonds, 1 January 2003-30 November 2004

III.2

Bilateral investment treaties and double taxation treaties concluded, cumulative and year to year, 1990-2003

III.3

Outflows of foreign direct investment from China and India, 1990-2003

III.4

Outward stock of global foreign direct investment, by sector, 1990 and 2002

IV.1

Growth of GDP in the EU-12, Japan and the United States, quarterly, 2002-2004

IV.2

Real short-term interest rates in the EU-12, Japan and the United States, January 1999-October 2004

IV.3

Inflation in the EU-12, Japan and the United States, January 1999-October 2004

IV.4

Unemployment rates in the EU-15, Japan and the United States, January 1999-October 2004

IV.5

Growth of GDP and industrial output in Central Europe and the Baltic States (EU-8), quarterly, 2000-2004

IV.6

Growth of GDP and industrial output in Southern and Eastern Europe, quarterly, 2000-2004

IV.7

Growth of GDP and industrial output in the Commonwealth of Independent States, quarterly, 2000-2004

IV.8

Real GDP growth in Africa, 2003-2005

IV.9

GDP per capita for Western Asia, 2001-2004

IV.10

Inflation in selected South Asian economies, 2003-2004

 

Tables

I.1

Growth of world output and trade, 1995-2005

I.2

Frequency of high and low growth of per capita output, 2002-2004

I.3

Total Reserves minus gold: 2000, 2003 and third quarter 2004

II.1

The history of international trade in textiles and clothing

III.1

Net financial flows to developing countries and economies in transition, 1993-2004

III.2

Net transfer of finance resources to developing economies and economies in transition, 1995-2004

III.3

Foreign direct investment inflows, by host region and major host economy, 2001-2004

III.4

Stock of outward foreign direct investment, by country groups of origin, 1990 and 2003

III.5

Developing economies and territories with largest stock of outward foreign direct investment, 1990 and 2003

III.6

Some definitions of offshoring and outsourcing

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