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Trade and Development Report, 2005   

Trade and Development Report, 2005

New features of global interdependence

UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT

This work is published for and on behalf of the United Nations.

Paper  Back Book   :   Pages : 204
2006  Edition         :   ISBN - 81-7188-515-2
Price : Rs. 795.00  
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ABOUT THE BOOK :

The world economy is still expanding, but there are serious risks of a setback. Several populous Asian countries, in particular China and India, have emerged as new engines of economic growth. Thanks to their vigorous expansion and their appetite for natural resources, many of their developing-country trade partners have reaped windfall profits from rising commodity prices and from surging demand for intermediate products. Some dark clouds are looming over this rather rosy horizon. Oil prices are historically high and place a huge burden on many developing countries. And there has been no multilateral action that might gently defuse global current-account imbalances. The Trade and Development Report recommends that international initiatives to alleviate poverty and reach the MDGs should not ignore the importance of a smooth unwinding of global economic imbalances that will allow the "Asian Miracle" to continue, along with its positive repercussions for other less wealthy countries.


CONTENTS IN DETAIL :

FOREWORD

Explanatory notes

Abbreviations

OVERVIEW

 

I.

CURRENT ISSUES IN THE WORLD ECONOMY

A. Introduction

B. The world economy: growth performance and prospects

1. Economic activity in developed countries

2. Economic activity in developing countries

3. Recent developments in world trade and finance

C. The global imbalances and the United States current-account deficit

1. Twenty-five years of deficits in the United States

2. The surplus regions

3. Tailoring policy measures

D. Oil price hikes in perspective

1. The impact of an oil price shock on prices and economic activity

2. The 1973-1974 and 1979-1980 oil price shocks: putting current events in perspective

3. The impact on oil-importing developing economies

E. Rapid growth in China and India and the profit-investment nexus

1. The sectors driving economic growth

2. Stable and balanced demand growth as a condition for sustained rapid growth

3. Policy conditions underlying the Asian catching up processes

4. Challenges for sustained growth in China and India

Notes

 

II.

INCOME GROWTH AND SHIFTING TRADE PATTERNS IN ASIA

A. Introduction

B. Evolving demand and trade patterns in Asia: a comparative perspective

1. Changing patterns of food consumption

2. Intensity of metal and energy use

C. Domestic resource constraints and the balance-of-payments constraint

1. Relative resource constraints and country size

2. Shifts in trade composition: experiences of Asian industrialization

D. World market shares and prices

1. The growing impact of China and India on global primary commodity markets

2. The role of textile and clothing exports

Notes

 

III.

Dynamics of population ageing: how can Asia and the Pacific respond?

A. Introduction

B. The terms-of-trade problem revisited

C. Recent trends in the terms of trade

D. Effects of terms-of-trade changes on domestic income

E. The distribution of gains or losses from terms of trade

F. The distribution of export income and rent from extractive industries

Notes

Annex: Distribution of Oil and Mining Rent: Some Evidence from Latin America,  1999-2004
 

IV.

TOWARDS A NEW FORM OF GLOBAL INTERDEPENDENCE

A. Introduction

B. The growing importance of developing countries in global markets

C. Shifts in the composition of developing-country exports

D. What has changed? An assessment

E. Policies for managing the new forms of global interdependence

Notes

 

REFERENCES

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