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Governance of Rural Electricity System in India   

Governance of Rural Electricity System in India

Published by
Academic Foundation, New Delhi
in association with the
Institute of Rural Management, Anand (Gujarat, India).
Hard Bound Book (6" x 9") :   Pages : 376
2007  Edition   :  ISBN -81-7188-603-5
Price : INR 895 / US $ 65.95
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After six decades of Independence about half of rural households in the country do not have access to electricity and the quality and quantity of electricity provided to rural users are far from expectation. Large technical and commercial loss makes the rural electricity system financially unviable. The overall governance of rural electricity system has polluted the existing socio-political and economic environment to an extent that rational decision making has become far too difficult. The structural reform in electricity sector that started since early nineties has not resulted in improved services to the rural customers in spite of a significant increase in electricity tariff. From the experiences in India and around the world, the book provides directions for rural electricity system development in the country considering the development concerns, regulatory and policy issues, technology options and tariff, and governance mechanism.

The book will be useful for the policymakers, regulators, rural electricity service providers, financial institutions, academicians, students and civil society organisations interested in rural electricity.


Haribandhu Panda is Professor, Institute of Rural Management, Anand.


List of Figures, Tables, Boxes and Annexures


Preface and Acknowledgements

Section I
Governance of Rural Electricity System

  1. Governance of Rural Electricity System: An Overview of Indian Scenario
    Haribandhu Panda


Development Concerns and State of Rural Electricity in India

Environmental Factors Affecting Rural Electricity

Institutions and Institutional Innovations for Rural Electricity

Innovation in Electricity Distribution in Rural Areas of Orissa

Extent of Realisation of Development Goals

Governance Issues and Strategies

Concluding Remarks

Section II
Rural Electrification: Development Concerns

  1. Electricity and Rural Development Linkage
    Keshab Das


Agriculture and Electricity

Rural Industrialisation and Electricity

Electricity and the Domains of Household and Community

Concluding Observations

  1. Electrifying Rural India: The Search for a Viable and Sustainable Approach
    Navroz K. Dubash


Rural Electrification Approaches: India and Globally

Dimensions of Sustainability


  1. Energy-Water Nexus in the Rural Area
    S. Padmanaban Chinmaya Acharya

Background: The Energy and Water Sectors

Energy-Water Nexus: Governance Approaches



Section III
Rural Electrification: Regulatory and Policy Issues

  1. National Rural Electrification Policy and the Electricity Act, 2003 in Effectively Meeting the Rural Electricity Needs
    V. Ranganathan


Electricity Act 2003 and Alternative Organisational

Structures for Electricity Supply for Rural Areas


  1. Electricity Regulatory Commissions and Rural Electricity
    Geeta Gouri


Posing the Problem

Regulatory Interventions in Competitive Power Markets


  1. Political Economy of Rural Electrification in India
    N. Vijayamohanan Pillai


Rural Electrification in India

The Political Economy of Rural Electrification

Section IV
Rural Electrification: Technological Options and Tariff

  1. Technological Options and Cost of Supplying Electricity to Rural Areas
    B.S. Pathak

Rural Sector: A Brief Review

Power Supply to Rural Sector

  1. Rural Electricity Tariff
    Subhes C. Bhattacharyya


Characterisation of Electricity Use in Rural India

Rural Electricity Tariffs: Present Situation and Need for a Change

Considerations for Rural Electricity Tariffs

Issues of Viability and Affordability of Rural Electricity Supply


Section V
Institutional Mechanisms for Rural Electricity in India

  1. Institutional Framework for Effectively Meeting the Electricity Needs of Rural Population
    R. Rejikumar

Introduction: Importance of Electricity in Rural Life

Review of Various Models of Rural Electrification

Institutional Framework for Rural Electrification in India

Conclusions and Recommendations

  1. Critical Review of Existing Institutions and Institutional Mechanisms for Rural Electricity and Possible Areas for Improvement
    Chandrashekar Iyer Manisha Misri


Requirements for Rural Electricity and the Role of Institutions

Indian Experience with Rural Electrification

International Experience in Rural Electrification


Section VI
Rural Electrification: Experiences and Future Directions

  1. Experiences of Power Sector Reform: Strategies for Including the Poor
    Ashok Kumar Singha N.V. Ramana Vijay


Dimensions of Power Sector Reform and Poverty

Key Reform Components

Issues and Impact of Reform

Power and Livelihoods

Effect of Reform on the Poor and Equity Issues

Experience of Reform in Orissa

Key Reform Lessons and Emerging Challenges

Inclusive Institutional Model

Sustainable Rural Power Distribution Model

Strategies that Include the Poor


  1. Rural Electrification: The Way Forward
    Sudhir Vadehra


Strategy for Comprehensive Electrification of Villages

Development of Institutional Framework at Delivery End

Institutional Options

Participative Model

  1. Lessons from the Experiences of Governance of Rural Electricity Systems and Future Directions
    G. Subba Rao


Current Status

Policy Objectives, Legal Provisions

Issues and Suggestions




Chinmaya Acharya.
Program Officer, USAID/India.

Subhes C. Bhattacharyya.
Senior Lecturer, Centre for Energy, Petroleum and Mineral Law and Policy, University of Dundee, UK.

Keshab Das.
Associate Professor, Gujarat Institute of Development Research, Ahmedabad.

Navroz K. Dubash.
Faculty Member, National Institute of Public Finance and Policy.

Geeta Gouri.
Director (Tariffs), Andhra Pradesh Electricity Regulatory Commission.

Chandrashekar Iyer.
Consultant, Price water house Coopers Pvt. Ltd.

Vijay Mahajan.
Co-founder and Chief Executive Officer, BASIX.

Manisha Misri.
Consultant, PricewaterhouseCoopers Pvt. Ltd.

S. Padmanaban.
Senior Energy & Environmental Advisor, USAID/India.

B.S. Pathak.
Director, Sardar Patel Renewable Energy Research Institute, Vallabh Vidyanagar.

N. Vijayamohanan Pillai.
Faculty Member, Centre for Development Studies, Thiruvananthapuram.

N.V. Ramana.
Senior Vice President, BASIX.

V. Ranganathan.
Professor & RBI Chair, Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore.

G. Subba Rao.
Chairman, Gujarat Electricity Regulatory Commission, Ahmedabad.

R. Rejikumar.
Senior International Consultant on Reforms and Restructuring of Power and Water Utilities.

Ashok Kumar Singha.
Director, Verve Consulting.

Sudhir Vadehra.
Executive Director, REC Ltd.

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