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Environmental Requirements and Market Access   

Environmental  Requirements and Market Access

Reflections from South Asia

EDITORs: nagesh kumar & sachin chaturvedi

Hard Bound Book (6¼” x 9”) :   Pages : 264
2007  Edition   :   ISBN -81-7188-466-0
Price : Rs. 695.00 ;  US $ 54.95
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ABOUT THE BOOK :

With progressive liberalisation of quantitative restrictions and tariff barriers following multilateral trade negotiations in WTO, environmental standards have emerged as significant trade barriers for developing countries’ exports. In this volume, leading experts examine the incidence of environmental requirements in the North and their impact on market access for Southern products especially those from South Asia. The book deals with various dimensions of such environmental and health related standards and their impact on South Asian trade in terms of their prohibitive effect, discriminatory impact and high compliance costs. The volume concludes with an agenda of action points for governments, business houses and international agencies to address the challenge.


ABOUT THE EDITORS :

Nagesh Kumar is Director-General, Research and Information System for Developing Countries (RIS), New Delhi.

Sachin Chaturvedi is Fello, Research and Information System for Developing Countries (RIS), New Delhi.


CONTENTS IN DETAIL :

List of Tables, Figures, Boxes and Annexures

Foreword by Dr. Nagesh Kumar

Contributors to this Volume

Acronyms

1.

An Introduction

Nagesh Kumar and Sachin Chaturvedi

 

Part I

Environmental Requirements and Market Access

2.

Impacts for Developing Countries

Jürgen Wiemann

 
  • Background
  • Development of the Multilateral Framework of Rules and Agreements
  • Greening of International Trade from Below
  • Impacts for Developing Countries and Development Co-operation
3.

Inventory of Issues

Sachin Chaturvedi and Gunjan Nagpal

 
  • Introduction
  • Trade in ESGs
  • Environmental and Other Standards
  • Relocation of Industries
  • Impact of Standards and Capacity Building
  • Concluding Remarks
 

Part II

Experiences from South Asia

4.

Environmental Related Barriers in the EU

S.K. Mohanty and T.R. Manoharan

 
  • Introduction
  • NTMs in the European Union and South Asia’s Trade: Some Key Questions
  • Environment Related NTMs
  • Methodology
  • Results
  • Conclusions
5.

Case Study of India

Sachin Chaturvedi and Gunjan Nagpal

 
  • Introduction
  • Environment Related Trade Barriers and India
  • Relocation of Dirty Industries
  • Emerging Policy Challenges
  • Policy Recommendations and Concluding Remarks
6.

India’s Response

Shashi Sareen

 
  • Introduction
  • Harmonisation
  • Transparency
  • Risk-based Approach
  • Safety Management Systems Approach
  • Capacity Building
  • Equivalence
  • Rejection and Destruction of Consignments
  • Health Certificates
  • Economic Impact of Certain Measures
  • Conformity Assessment Issues
  • Conclusions
7.

Case Study of Pakistan

Shaheen Rafi Khan and Toqeer Ahmad

 
  • Introduction
  • Trade-Environment Linkages in Pakistan
  • The Environmental Standards
  • The Environmental Impacts
  • Environmental Sensitivity of Industries
  • Mitigating Initiatives
  • Policy Options for Pakistan
8. Environmental Standards and Exports of Bangladesh

Zaid Bakht

 
  • Introduction
  • The External Sector of Bangladesh
  • Impact of Environmental Standards on Exports
  • Shrimp Culture
  • Leather Tanning
  • Fertiliser Industry
  • Textile Industry and Readymade Garments
  • Migration of Dirty Industries to Bangladesh
  • Concluding Remarks
9.

Case of Sri Lanka

Sampath Jayasinghe

 
  • Introduction
  • Environment Management and Trade
  • Impact on Environment Policy on Trade
  • International Environmental Regulations and Competitiveness
  • Concluding Remarks
 

Part III

Policy Lessons

10. Environmental Trade Barriers and South Asian Exports: Lessons for National, International and Regional Action

Nagesh Kumar and Sachin Chaturvedi

 
  • The Context and Introduction
  • Issues for Action at the National Level
  • Issues for International Action
  • Issues for Regional Cooperation
  • Concluding Remarks
  Index

Contributors to this Volume

Toqeer Ahmad

Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI), Islamabad, Pakistan.

Zaid Bakht

Director, Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies (BIDS), Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Sachin Chaturvedi

Fellow, Research and Information System for Developing Countries (RIS), New Delhi, India.

Sampat Jayasinghe

Institute of Policy Studies, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Shaheen Rafi Khan

Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI), Islamabad, Pakistan.

Nagesh Kumar

Director-General, Research and Information System for Developing Countries (RIS), New Delhi, India.

T.R. Manoharan

Formerly Consultant, Research and Information System (RIS), New Delhi, India.

S.K. Mohanty

Fellow, Research and Information System for Developing Countries (RIS), New Delhi, India.

Gunjan Nagpal

Formerly Research Assistant, Research and Information System for Developing Countries (RIS), New Delhi, India.

Shashi Sareen

Director, Export Inspection Council, Government of India, New Delhi, India.

Jürgen Wiemann

Deputy Director, German Development Institute, Bonn, Germany.

 

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