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Development Planning   
Development Planning
Concepts and Tools for Planners, Managers and Facilitators
This edition is published in India by 
Academic Foundation, New Delhi 
under arrangement with
Zed Books, UK.
Hard Back Book     :   Pages : 217
2006  Edition         :   ISBN - 81-7188-491-1
Price : Rs. 695.00
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This new textbook in development planning aims to provide a comprehensive and practically relevant guide to strategic planning at postgraduate and practitioner level. The author aims to bridge the unfortunate gap that now exists between much development planning theory and planning practice. He also promotes a more value-based, action-centred and organization-inclusive approach to development planning than is normally presented in textbooks on planning.

The book explores the different concepts of development and development planning. It introduces a simple model of strategic planning, and then elaborates more complex arrangements. The author operationalizes various aspects and processes of planning, and critically analyses the tools involved, always in the context of more fundamental planning concerns. Specific topics include logical framework analysis, the use of indicators, process planning schemes, principles and tools of prioritization, and dimensions of participation and community institution building. The analysis consistently progresses from the theoretical and conceptual to the practical and specific.

‘A seminal contribution to an action-centred paradigm of planning for development.’

formerly Head of the Evaluation Division Directorate General for Development of the European Commission

‘The author's wealth of practical experience and profound theoretical knowledge are clearly reflected in the present book. I wholeheartedly recommend it for students, practitioners and theorists of development planning and, indeed, development studies more broadly.’

Professor Emeritus, AIT, Thailand

‘A highly important and useful book. … One particularly commendable feature is its use of lots of practical examples to explain different concepts and applications of planning.’

Director, Southern Province Rural Economic Advancement Project,
Sri Lanka


Dr. Reidar Dale is currently Associate Professor of Development Planning and Management at the Asian Institute of Technology (AIT) in Bangkok, Thailand. For 25 years he has been working in the field of development planning and management in a variety of developing countries – as a planner, manager, researcher, evaluator and university lecturer. For much of this period (1979–87; 1990–94) he worked with the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (NORAD). 

He has published widely in his field; his books include People’s Development through People’s Institutions (2002), Organisations and Development (2000) and Evaluation Frameworks for Development Programmes and Projects (1998).


Preface by W. M. Leelasena
Foreword by Hellmut W. Eggers
1. Development and Development Planning
• Conceptualising Development
• Conceptualising Development Planning
• Conceptions of Rationality
2. Strategic Planning for Development
• Strategy, Strategy Formulation and Strategic Planning
• Main Analytical Categories and Variables
• Identifying and Analysing Stakeholders
• Conceptualising Greater Organisational Complexity
• Variables and Linkages in Comprehensive Strategic Planning
• Timing, Time Horizon and Scope of Action
3. Diversifying Perspectives on Planning
• Linking to More General Concepts of Value and Intent
• Strategic versus Operational and Adjustive Planning
• From Long-Range Planning to Continuous Strategic Management
• Process versus Blueprint Planning
• Planning Categories by Functional Level and Type of Area
• Connecting Planning to the Concepts of Programme and Project
4. Elaborating Linkages in Development Work
• Connecting Design Variables, Work Categories and Intended Achievements
• The Logical Framework
• Adding Dimensions of Organisation
5. Problem Analysis
• Conceptualising Development Problems
• Generating Information About Problems
• Verbal Analysis
• Ranking
• Cause–Effect Charting
6. Means–Ends Analysis
• Basic Concepts and Relations Revisited
• Relating Problems to Abilities, Opportunities and Constraints
• From Problem Structures to Means–Ends Structures
• Specifying Means–Ends Relations in the Logical Framework
• Means–Ends Relations in Organisation-Building Programmes
7. Formulating Indicators of Achievements
• The Concept of ‘Indicator’
• Characteristics of Good Indicators
• Specifying Indicators in the Logical Framework
• Generating Information on Indicators
• A Conclusion on Indicators and a Reflection Beyond Them
8. Assessing and Interacting with the Environment
• Contextual Analysis: A Hallmark of Development Planning
• Opportunities, Constraints and Threats
• Moving Boundaries Between the Internal and the External
• Incorporating Assumptions into the Logical Framework
• A Further Reflection About Assumptions
9. Tools of Prioritisation
• Introduction
• Negotiation
• Voting
• Techniques of Ranking
• Criteria-Based Prioritisation
• Economic Tools of Prioritisation
10. Community Institution Building and Participatory Planning
• Participatory Development: Justification, Principles and Implications
• Modes and Means of Participation
• Building Capacity, Organisations and Institutions: Some Definitions
• Institution Building as Process
• Social Mobilisation
• Process versus Blueprint Planning for Local Institution Building
• Creating Synergies between Planning and Institution Building



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