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Monitoring for Outcomes and Impacts in CDD Projects   

Monitoring for Outcomes and Impacts in Community Driven Projects

Using a Learning Based Approach to M&E

ashis mondal and soma dutta

Hard Bound Book (8½" x 11")  :   Pages : 98
2007  Edition   :   ISBN -81-7188-585-3
Price : Rs. 695.00 ;  US $ 39.95
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Community-Driven Development (CDD), in the World Bank parlance, refers to an approach where communities have direct control over key project decisions as well as management of investment funds. The CDD approach treats poor people as assets and partners in the development process, building on their institutions and resources. Monitoring and evaluation (M&E) in the CDD context can potentially be much more than an input-output-outcome monitoring and a reporting mechanism. This guidebook (a World Bank co-publication) is all about improving the implementation of CDD projects using M&E as a management tool. It is built on the contention that a ‘learning-based’ M&E system, which involves different project management levels and other stakeholders in a continuous process of ‘learning’, can help the project management make course corrections, guiding project strategy on an ongoing basis, ultimately leading to better project outcomes.


Ashis Mondal is founder Director of Action for Social Advancement (ASA), Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Soma Dutta is a leading development consultant.


List of Tables, Figures, Boxes and Annexures




Section I: Introducing the Learning-based M&E System

Introducing the Guidebook

  • About the Guidebook

  • Who Can Use the Guidebook?

  • The Basis of the Guidebook

  • M&E in CDD Projects

  • The Significance of a Learning-based M&E System in CDD Projects

  • Using the Guidebook



A Learning-based Approach to Monitoring and Evaluation

  • What is a Learning-based M&E System?

  • The ‘Learning Dimension’ of a Learning-based M&E System

  • Implementing a Learning-based M&E System: Some Common Pitfalls

  • The Learning-based M&E System in Action 2.4.1 Best Practices in Application of LME

  • Making Learning-based M&E Systems Work: What Can You Do to Encourage Learning within Your Projects and Organisations?


Section II: Strategies for Applying the Learning-based M&E System in CDD Projects


Strategies for Operationalising a Learning-based M&E Systems in CDD Projects

  • Strategy 1: Think Through and Set up the Learning-based M&E System during the Project Design Stage

  • Ensuring that the Design of the LME Framework is in Line with the Local Context

  • Engaging a Right Person/Agency to Guide the Borrower to Develop the LME Design

  • Ensuring Clarity and Proper Documentation of the Components of the System

  • Field-test the Proposed Framework for the LME System during Pilot Experiments

  • Strategy 2: Use Technical Studies (Social, Institutional, Environmental, etc.) to Guide Project Design

  • Strategy 3: From Design to Operationalisation: Provide Necessary Support to the Borrower during Implementation Phase

  • Demonstrating to the Implementing Agency the Value of a Learning-based Approach to M&E

  • Ensuring that the Necessary Institutional Setup and Capacities are in Place

  • Strategy 4: Provide Capacity Building and Handholding Support to the Community during Implementation Stage

  • Broad-basing Project Information

  • Building the Capacities of the CBOs to Perform their Project Functions

  • Strategy 5: Identify, Track and Act upon Unforeseen Project Issues

  • Strategy 6: Use Process Monitoring as a Management Tool during Project Implementation


Section III: Case Studies on Application of Learning-based M&E System


Achieving Better Project Outcomes through a Learning-based M&E System

  • Integrating Participatory Monitoring within the M&E System in a Large CDD Project: The Kecamatan Development Project (KDP), Indonesia

  • The KDP M&E System

  • The Learning-based Monitoring and Evaluation System in KDP

  • Usefulness of the KDP LME System

  • Key Messages from the KDP LME System

  • Process Monitoring for Making Course Corrections: Community Infrastructure Project (CIP), Pakistan

  • Setting up of the Process Monitoring System

  • Effectiveness of the Process Monitoring System

  • Key Messages

  • Community-based Monitoring: Kerala Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Programme, India

  • The LME System of Jalanidhi

  • How Effective is Participatory Monitoring?

  • Key Messages

  • Using Process Monitoring Effectively: Sujala Watershed Project, Karnataka, India

  • Process Monitoring in Sujala

  • How Effective is Process Monitoring in Sujala

  • Key Messages

  • Process Monitoring for Guiding Project Strategy: Andhra Pradesh DPIP, India

  • Approach to Process Monitoring

  • Conducting Process Monitoring: Steps

  • Translating Learning into Action

  • Key Messages

  • Learning from a Community Group: CIG Milans in the District Poverty Initiatives Project (DPIP), Madhya Pradesh, India

  • The Genesis of CIG Milans and Learning Forums

  • Translating Learning into Action

  • Key Messages

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