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Reforming the Labour Market   
Reforming The Labour Market
EDITOR : BIBEK DEBROY & P.D. KAUSHIK
Published by ACADEMIC FOUNDATION
in collaboration with
FRIEDRICH NAUMANN STIFTUNG and
RAJIV GANDHI INSTITUTE FOR CONTEMPORARY STUDIES 
Hard Bound Book   ;   Pages : 417
2005  Edition   ;   ISBN - 81-7188-441-5
Price : Rs. 695.00 ; US $ 39.95;
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ABOUT THE BOOK :

Reforms are perpetually debated. If there are two areas of reform, which figure prominently in the liberalisation discourse, with strong views on both sides, those are privatisation (or disinvestments) of public sector enterprises and labour market reforms. The argument is that organised labour markets are unnecessarily rigid and thereby, artificially drive up capital intensity and make it difficult for India to exploit the comparative advantage in labour. This volume is about labour markets, but there are also papers in it about the unorganised labour market, accounting for 92% of the labour force. Within the organised segment, flexibility in labour markets is usually interpreted as changes in the Industrial Disputes Act, requiring what is sometimes called, an automatic hire and fire policy. That labour market reform is much more than this narrow interpretation, comes out clearly from this collection of papers. As such, this volume should be of interest to all those interested in policy formulation in India, and researchers and students.


ABOUT THE EDITORS :

Bibek Debroy is Director of the Rajiv Gandhi Institute for Contemporary Studies (RGICS), Rajiv Gandhi Foundation, New Delhi. He is a professional economist and was educated in Presidency College (Calcutta), Delhi School of Economics and Trinity College (Cambridge). He has worked at Presidency College (Calcutta), Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics (Pune), Indian Institute of Foreign Trade (Delhi), National Council of Applied Economic Research (Delhi) and as Consultant, Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance, Government of India. He was also the Director for a project known as LARGE, set up by the Ministry of Finance and UNDP to examine legal reforms. He is the author of several books, papers and popular articles and has been Consulting Editor with Business Standard and Financial Express. He has been a member of government - appointed committees and has been listed in several biographies. He is presently a Member of the National Commission for the Promotion of Enterprises for the Small-Scale and Unorganised Sector and the National Manufacturing Competitiveness Council.

P.D. Kaushik is a Fellow at the RGICS. He is an engineer, MBA and Ph.D. During his Ph.D., he was awarded Jawahar Lal Nehru Fellowship. He has wide experience of industry and academics. He was also associated with consultancy work for the FAO, Commonwealth Secretariat and World Bank. He is a visiting faculty at leading business schools in Delhi. He has publications on policy issues emerging from electronic commerce and WTO. He has co-authored two books on the WTO.

Rajiv Gandhi Institute for Contemporary Studies (RGICS), New Delhi is part of the Rajiv Gandhi Foundation and functions as a think tank. The target audience of the RGICS includes parliamentarians, legislators and representatives of political parties, public policy makers and their advisers, the intelligentsia, the media and various interest groups. To interface with these groups, RGICS uses different modes of communication like books, monographs, working papers, symposia, discussions, talks and lectures. The RGICS research work is focused on international economic relations, law reforms, IT and economic reforms in India.

Friedrich Naumann Stiftung is a German non-profit institution primarily engaged in the strengthening of democratic and pluralist development both in the industrialised and the developing world. The Naumann Foundation has its activities spread over in more than 80 countries across the world.

The Friedrich Naumann Foundation promotes the principle of freedom in human dignity, both in Germany as well as abroad together with its partners - through political education, political advice and political dialogue. The Foundation has the following objectives :

  • To sensitise people on political issues and motivate them to get involved.

  • To provide liberal answers to the burning issues of the day, and to incorporate new findings and experiences - including those from other cultures - into liberal solutions.

  • To strive for cooperation in development through free international trade and through helping to establish free and responsible civic societies in developing countries.

  • To work towards worldwide victory of human and civil rights.

Wherever freedom, democracy and rule of law are just beginning to gain a foothold, the Friedrich Naumann Foundation is particularly called upon to lend its expertise and assume responsibility. As the only liberal organisation of its kind worldwide, the Foundation is active in many countries of the world, helping to lay the foundation for a future in freedom that bears responsibility for coming generations.

In South Asia, where the political situation is characterised by the sharpest of contrasts, the Foundation faces some important challenges to accompany and support the distinct endeavours to move from feudalistic structures to demo-cracy. The Foundation offers advice and training for people in positions of leadership. Liberal solutions are worked out for the problems of the region through workshops and studies. The Foundation always works in collabora-tion with local partners and active organisations operating in the national and regional level of South Asia.


CONTENTS IN DETAIL :

Contributors to this Volume
 
Reforming India's Labour Market: An Introduction

BIBEK DEBROY

1. Developing India's Human Resource
ARNOLD PACKER
Whose Skills Must Be Improved?
Which Skills, Traits and Abilities Need Improvement?
Implementation: The Learning Organisation
2. Issues in Labour Law Reform
BIBEK DEBROY
Introduction
The Labour Market
Unification and Harmonisation
Reduction in State Intervention
Industrial Relations
Proposed Changes
 
3. Regulating Labour Markets
AMIR ULLAH KHAN
Indian Labour Market
Evolution of Indian Labour Laws
Trade Unions
The Industrial Disputes Act, 1947
Cost to the Economy
Definitions and Multiplicity
Integrating Multiple Laws
 
4. Labour Market in India
C.S. VENKATARATNAM

Background

Introduction

Some Important Characteristics of the Labour Market and the Rationale for Fresh Rethinking

Vision

Direction and Content of Change in Labour Policy Related Matters

Conclusion

 
5. Labour Laws and Industrial Relations
ARNAB K. HAZRA

Introduction

The Industrial Disputes Act, 1947

The Trade Unions Act, 1926

 
6. Labour Policy and Economic Reforms in India
SURENDRA NATH

Introduction

Background

Intensity of Strikes

Intractability of Strikes

Trade Unions Act

Industrial Disputes Act and Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act

Legislated Job Security Reduces Flexibility - International Comparisons

India's Labour Framework in the Context of International Labour Standards

Growing Union Membership

Simplification and Rationalisation of Labour Laws, Equity in Enforcement

Minimum Wages

Wage Boards

Duality in Wage Market

Wage - Productivity Link

Wage - Employment Relationship

Bonus

Joint Pursuit of Productivity - The Common Concern of Workers and Employers

Employment Scenario

Economic Development and Employment Generation

Legislated Job Security and its Effect on Employment

International Framework and Comparison with Other Countries

Singapore

National Renewal Fund

Differences in Approach to Industrial Restructuring

Trade Union Reforms

Industrial Sickness

Redundancy

Wage

Simplification of Labour Laws

Deregulation and Bi-partism

General

 
7. Labour Market Reforms in India: A Review
T.C.A. ANANT
The Policy Debate on Labour Market Reform
ILO's Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work
Freedom of Association and Collective Bargaining
Freedom from Forced Labour
Freedom from Discrimination
Child Labour
Issues of Enforcement of Labour Rights
 
8. Labour Law for the New Millennium
H. MAHADEVAN

Background

What do We Want and Why?

 
9. Report of Core Group on Restructuring Labour Policy
FICCI - AIOE
Background
Employment Generation
Promoting Flexibility
Investment Promotion
Broad Approach
Specific Suggestions to Amend Certain Labour Laws
 
10. Private Sector Reservations Beyond the Narrow Context
D. SHYAM BABU
Introduction
Much Ado About a Non-issue?
Globalisation of Values
Four Prerequisites
Conclusion
 
11. Labour Market Policies in the Digital Economy
P.D. KAUSHIK
Labour Market in India
New Economy: Information Communication Technologies
ICTs and Labour: Key Issues for India
Formulating Labour Market Policy for the Digital Economy
Conclusion
 
12. Labour in the Unorganised Trading and Manufacturing Sector
AMARESH DUBEY AND VERONICA PALA
Introduction
The Data
Concepts and Definitions
Labour in the Unorganised Trading Sector (1990-91 and 1997)
Labour in the Unorganised Manufacturing Sector (1994-95)
Labour in the Informal Non-agricultural Enterprises (1999-00)
Conclusion
 
13. Economic Liberalisation and Women's Workforce Participation Rate
AMARESH DUBEY, VERONICA PALA AND EUGENE D. THOMAS
Introduction
Changes in Labour Force Participation Rates
Patterns of Women Labour Force Participation Rates
Conclusion
 
14. Economic Efficiency of Sub-contracted Home-Based Work
LAVEESH BHANDARI
Introduction
Bidi, Agarbatti and Zari Work
Case Studies
The Value Chain
Sub-contracting Relationships
Conclusion

Contributors to this Volume


Bibek Debroy Director, Rajiv Gandhi Institute for Contemporary Studies, New Delhi.
   
Arnold Packer Chairperson, SCANS-2000 Center, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.
 
Amir Ullah Khan Fellow, India Development Foundation, Gurgaon.
 
C.S. Venkataratnam Professor, Institute of Management Technology, Ghaziabad.
 
Arnab K. Hazra Fellow, Rajiv Gandhi Institute for Contemporary Studies, New Delhi.
 
Surendra Nath Addl. Chief Secretary (Agriculture), Government of Madhya Pradesh, Bhopal.
 
T.C.A. Anant Professor, Delhi School of Economics, Delhi.
   
H. Mahadevan Dy. General Secretary, All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC), New Delhi.
   
D. Shyam Babu Fellow, Rajiv Gandhi Institute for Contemporary Studies, New Delhi.
   
P.D. Kaushik Fellow, Rajiv Gandhi Institute for Contemporary Studies, New Delhi.
   
Amaresh Dubey Associate Professor, North-Eastern Hill University (NEHU), Shillong.
   
Veronica Pala Lecturer, St. Anthony's College, Shillong.
   
Eugene D. Thomas Professor, North-Eastern Hill University, (NEHU), Shillong.
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