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Report on Conditions of Work and Promotion of Livelihoods in the Unorganised Sector   

Report on Conditions of Work and Promotion of Livelihoods in the Unorganised Sector

National Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganised Sector, Government of India

Chairman: Arjun K. Sengupta 

Paper  Back Book (8" x 11")   :   Pages : 394
2008 Edition   :   ISBN - 978-81-7188-678-7
Price : Rs. 995.00  / US $ 79.95 
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ABOUT THE BOOK :

This Report is focused on the informal or the unorganised sector of the economy, which accounts for an overwhelming proportion of the poor and vulnerable population in an otherwise shining India. It concentrates on a detailed analysis of the conditions of work and lives of the unorganised workers consisting of about 92 per cent of the total workforce of about 457 million.

One of the major highlights of this Report is the quantification of unorganised or informal workers, defined as those who do not have employment security, work security and social security. These workers are engaged not only in the unorganised sector but in the organised sector as well. The picture that the Report presents is based on the latest available set of data from the Sixty-first Round of the National Sample Survey in 2004-05. This has been supplemented with data from other sources.

In the Report, the Commission notes that the situation calls for immediate steps to ensure minimum conditions of work for the unorganised workers as well as measures for their livelihood promotion. The Commission has, therefore, proposed two comprehensive Bills for unorganised agricultural and non-agricultural workers. It has, further, proposed a number of measures to improve the livelihood of unorganised sector workers.

On the basis of its detailed assessment, the Commission has recommended a 13 Point Action Programme. The Commission believes that these measures are within the administrative and fiscal capacity of the Government, and if implemented within a short period of time, will have a significant impact on the lives of the working poor.
 

 
This publication also includes a CD-ROM comprising three earlier reports of the commission for Unorganised Sector, namely :
1. Social Security for Unorganised Workers .
2. National Policy on Urban Street Vendors .
  3. Comprehensive Legislation for Minimum Conditions of Work and Social Security for the Unorganised Workers .    
       

CONTENTS IN DETAIL :

Preface

Acknowledgements

       

I.

Introduction

India's Informal Economy

Constitution of a National Commission for the Unorganised Sector

Conceptualising the Unorganised Economy: Sector Vs Workers

Size and Relationships

Homeworkers as a Distinct Cataegory

Poverty, Vulnerability and Informal Work Status: the High Congruence

Rationale for a Social Floor

An Agenda for Livelihood Promotion

The Need for Ensuring Minimum Conditions of Work

Role of the State and Other Institutions

Procedure Followed in the Preparation of the Report

Framework of the Report

 

2.

Unorganised Non-agricultural Workers: Socio-economic Profile

Introduction

Physical and Human Capital

Labour Market Entry

Incidence of Poverty

Conclusion

 

3.

Wage Workers in Non-agricultural Sector

Introduction

Profile of Wage Workers

Physical Conditions at Work Place

Occupational Hazards, Health Conditions and Safety Measures

Hours of Work, Duration of Work Day and Weekly Holidays

Employment Contracts

Wages and Earnings of Workers in the Unorganised Sector

Conclusion

 

4.

Self-employed Workers in Non-agriculture

Introduction

Two Types of Enterprises

Own Account Enterprises

Constraints faced by Own Account Enterprises

Self employed in Establishments with Hired Workers

Constraints faced by Establishments

Homeworkers as a Special Category

Conditions of Work of Self-employed Workers

Textile Industry: Case of Handloom Sector

The Food Processing Industry

Petty Trade in India: Street Vendors/ Hawkers

Non-Mechanized Land Transport: Rickshaw Pullers

Conditions of Work and Constraints of Homeworkers

Conclusion

 

5.

Women Workers in Non-agriculture

Introduction

Conceptualizing Women's Work

Nature of Work Participation of Women

Conditions of Women's Work

Number of Women Workers in Non-agriculture

Casual and Regular Women Workers

Women Self-employed Workers

Conditions of Homeworkers

Girl Child Workers

Conclusion

 

6.

Other Disadvantaged Workers: Migrants, Child and Bonded Labourers

Introduction

Migrant Labour

Child Labour

Bonded Labour

Conclusion

 
7. Agricultural Workers: Socio-economic Profile
 

Introduction

Size and Nature of Agricultural Workforce in India

Socio-Economic Profile of Agricultural Labourers

Socio-economic Profile of Farmers

Conclusion

8. Agricultural Labourers
 

Introduction

Wage Levels

Pattern of Employment

Unemployment and Underemployment

Health and Occupational Hazards

Seasonal Migration

Forced/Bonded Labour

Child Labour

Gender Dimension of Agricultural Work

Social Security

Conclusion

9. Working Conditions of Farmers

Introduction

Credit and Indebtedness

Irrigation and Input Use

The Tenancy Issue

Other Constraints

Conclusion

10. International Experience of Regulation of Minimum Conditions of Work

Introduction

United Nations Framework of Rights

The ILO Framework

International experience in adhering to Minimum Conditions of Work

Globalisation and 'New' Regulatory Environment

Conclusion

11. Regulations of Conditions of Unorganised Workers in India

Introduction

The Constitutional Framework

Ratification of International Conventions

Legal Regulation of Conditions of Work

Central Laws for Unorganised Sector Workers

Laws Which Apply to All Sections of Unorganised Sector

Laws Which Apply to some Sections of the Unorganised Sector Labour

Laws, Extendable to the Unorganised Sector

Laws Relating to Agricultural Workers

State Laws

Organisational Structure for Implementation of Labour Laws

Experience of Implementation of Laws for the Unorganised Sector

Constraints on Effective Implementation

Scope for Self-Certification

Voluntary Codes of Conduct for Minimum Conditions of Work

Conclusion

12. Towards Protection and Promotion of Livelihoods of Unorganised Workers

Introduction

Creating the Foundations of Decent Work

Dealing with the Negatives: Impact of Certain Laws and Regulation on Livelihoods

Promotional Policies for Non-agricultural Unorganised Sector

Policy Initiatives, Programmes and Schemes for Agricultural Workers

Promotional Measures for Expansion of Employment

Institutional Support for Protection and Promotion of Livelihoods

Conclusion

13. Recommendations on Legislative Protection for Minimum Conditions of Work and Comprehensive Legislation

Introduction

A Review of the Principal Recommendations of the Earlier Commissions

Comprehensive Legislation: Earlier Views

Comprehensive Legislations for Agricultural and Non-agricultural Workers

Need for Separate Bills

Main Recommendations Relating to Conditions of Work

Conclusion

14 An Action Programme for the Unorganised Sector

Introduction

A. Protective Measures for Unorganised Workers

B. A Package of Measures for the Marginal and Small farmers

C. Measures to Improve Growth of the Non-agricultural Sector

D. Measures to Expand Employment and Improve Employability

 


References

Abbreviations and Acronyms

Appendix Tables

Annexures


List of Tables

1.1 Relationship between Sector and Type of Employment (UPSS), All Workers 1999-2000 & 2004-05

1.2 Population in Different Expenditure Classes

1.3 Percentage Distribution of Expenditure Classes by Social Identity, Informal Work Status and Education, 2004-2005

1.4 Percentage Distribution of Unorganised Workers across Expenditure Classes .

2.1 Percentage Distribution of Rural Workers by Land Size Classes and Sector of Occupation 2004 - 2005

2.2 Mean Years of Schooling of Rural Unorganised Agricultural Workers 2004 - 2005

2.3 Proportion of Non-agriculture Workers by Employment Status, Sector and Gender among Socio-Religious Groups (Percentage) 2004-2005: All India

2.4 Distribution of Non-agricultural Workers across Occupational Groups by Status and Gender (Percentage) 2004 - 2005

2.5 Poverty Ratios of Workers by Industry and Sector, 2004-2005

2.6 Poverty Ratios among Non-agricultural Workers by Category of Workers 2004-2005

2.7 Poverty Ratios among Unorganised Sector All Workers by Social Groups2004-2005

3.1 Percentage Distribution of Unorganised Sector Casual and Regular Workers in Manufacturing 2004-05 

3.2 Percentage Share of Non-agricultural Wage Workers without Contract by Sector and Gender 2004 - 2005

3.3 Percentage Share of Non-agricultural Wage Workers Eligible for Paid Leave by Sector and Gender 2004 - 2005

4.1 Percentage Distribution of the Self-employed Workers in Unorganised Non-agriculture 2004 - 2005

4.2 Two Types of Self-employed by Income

4.3 Percentage Distribution of Enterprises and Total Workers by Enterprise Size 1999-2000

4.4 Percentage Distribution of OAEs by Type of Registration Agency 1999-2000

4.5 Fixed Assets per Enterprise in Establishments with Hired Workers by Employment Size (Rs.) 1999-2000

4.6 Gross Value Added per Worker in Establishments by Employment Size (Rs.) 1999-2000

4.7 Percentage Distribution of Establishments by Location of Enterprise 1999-2000

4.8 Percentage Distribution of Self-employed Establishments by Type of Registration Agency 1999-2000

4.9 Number (in Million) and Percentage of Self-Employed and Homeworkers in Non-agricultural Unorganised and Manufacturing Sectors 1999-2000 

4.10 Investment in Looms and Weavers' Earnings in Uttar Pradesh (Rs ) 2006

4.11 Conditions of Work, Livelihood and Earnings of Street Vendors across few Indian Cities

4.12 Earnings and Livelihood of Rickshaw Pullers across the Cities (Rs.)

4.13 Annual Incomes (Rs) of Homeworkers and Non-Homework Enterprises in India 1999-00

4.14 Seasonality of Work among Homeworkers: Earnings and Hours of Work

5.1 Select Characteristics of Women Workers 2004-2005 

5.2 Rural-Urban Differences between Men and Women Workers 2004-2005

5.3 Weekly Average Time (hours) Spent on SNA, Extended SNA and Non SNA Activities by Gender and Place of Work (Combined for Six States)

5.4 Additional Activities Undertaken by Women (Age 15 - 59 years) usually Engaged in Domestic Duties (Principal Status) (Percentage), 2004-05

5.5 Share of Women (Age 15 - 59 years) in Domestic Duties Willing to Accept Work at home, Full-time and Part-time, by Sector (Percentage) 2004 - 2005

5.6 Share of Women (Age 15 - 59 years) in Domestic Duties Willing to Accept Work at Home by Type of Work acceptable by Skill/ Experience to undertake, by Sector (Percentage) 2004 - 2005

5.7 Share of Unorganised Sector Non-agricultural Workers by Location of Work (Percentage) 2004 - 2005

5.8 Workforce Participation Rates by Gender by Usual Status (Percentage)

5.9 Share of All Workers (all ages) with Only Subsidiary Work by Sector and Gender (Percentage) 2004 - 2005

5.10 Number and Percentage of Unorganised Non-agricultural Female Workers 1999-00 and 2004-05

5.11 Share of Enterprises and Workers in Proprietary Enterprises (Percentage), 1999-2000

5.12 Share of Enterprises with Place of Location At Home (Within Household Premises) (Percentage) 1999-2000

5.13 Share of Homework Proprietary Enterprise in Total OAEs and Establishments (Percentage) 1999-2000

5.14 Gross Value Added per Worker and Fixed Assets per Enterprise of Homework (Rs.) 1999-2000

6.1 Percentage Distribution of Migrants by Place of Last Residence, Age, Sex & Reason for Migration 2001

6.2 Percentage Distribution of Migration by Duration of Stay 2001 

6.3 Number and Percentage of Children (5 - 14 years) across Usual Status by Gender

6.4 States with High Incidence of Child Labour and Out-of-School Children (Labour Pool) (5 - 14 Years) (Percentage) 2004 - 2005

6.5 Child Labourers (5 - 14 years) by Sector 2004 - 2005

6.6 Percentage of Child Workers (5 - 14 years) across Industry Groups by gender 2004 - 2005

6.7 Incidence of Bonded Labour Reported

6.8 Number of Bonded Labour Identified, Released and Rehabilitated by the Centrally Sponsored Scheme during 2005-2006

7.1 Structural Transformation in Indian States 2004-05: Share of Employment and Income in Agriculture

7.2 Numbers and Percentage Shares of Farmers in Total Agricultural Workers 

7.3 Growth Rate (Percentage) of UPSS Agricultural and Total Workers

7.4 Percentage of Agricultural Worker Households by Size of Land Possessed Rural 2004 - 2005

7.5 Distribution of Operational Holdings and Area by Size, All India

7.6 Percentage of Educational Attainment of Rural Agricultural Workers, 2004-2005

7.7 Poverty Ratios among Farmers by Socio-Religious Groups and Land (Possessed) Size Classes, Rural 2004 - 2005

7.8 Percentage of Agricultural Labourers in Total Workforce in Rural Areas

7.9 Number and Growth Rate of Rural Agricultural Labourers

7.10 Percentage of Rural Agricultural Labourers by Socio-Religious Groups 2004-2005

7.11 Age Composition of Rural Agricultural Labourers (Percentage)

7.12 Percentage Distribution for Social Groups of Farmer Households by Land Size (Hectares) Categories 2003

7.13 Percentage Distribution for Social Groups of Farmer Households by Land Size (Hectares) Categories 2003

7.14 Percentage of Income by Source and Farm Size 2003

7.15 Average Monthly Income from Cultivation by Size of Holding 2003

8.1 Wages and Growth in Wages of Casual Agricultural Workers

8.2 Disparities in Agricultural Wages

8.3 Average Daily Earnings (Rs.) of Workers in Rural Labour Household in Agricultural Operations-All India at 1999-00 Prices

8.4 Wage Employment Days for Rural Agricultural labourers: Casual, All

8.5 Employment, Unemployment and Out of Labour Force Days of Rural Agricultural Labourers

8.6 Percentage of Unemployed by CWS and CDS for Usual Status Rural Agricultural Labourers

8.7 Percentage of Employed Persons (15 years and above) Who Did Not Work More or Less Regularly throughout the Year according to Usual Principal Status in Rural Areas 2004-05 

8.8 Percentage of Child Workers in Agriculture across Different Employment Statuses by Sex 2004-2005

9.1 Prevalence Rate of Indebtedness by Farm Size, All India (Percentage) 2003 

9.2 Prevalence Rate of Indebtedness by Social Groups: All India (Percentages) (2003) 

9.3 Percentage Distribution of Outstanding Loans by Farm Size & Sources (2003)

9.4 Percentage Distribution of Leased-In Area by Terms of Lease and Broad Size Class 1991-92 & 2003 

11.1 List of International Labour Organisation Conventions Ratified by India

11.2 Central Labour and Industry Laws that Deal with Conditions of Work

List of Figures

2.1 Percentage Distribution of Rural Unorganised Non-agricultural Workers by Land Size Class and Socio-Religious Groups 2004 - 2005

2.2 Mean Years of Schooling of Non-agricultural Workers by Sector and Sex 2004- 2005 

2.3 Percentage Distribution of Workers' Educational Attainment Levels in Non - agricultural Sector by Sector & Sex 2004-05

2.4 Mean Years of Schooling in Non-agriculture by Sector, Sex among Socio-Religious Groups 2004 - 2005

2.5 Educational Distribution of Non-agriculture Workers by Sector and Gender among Socio-Religious Groups (Percentage) 2004 -2005

2.6 Distribution of Non-agricultural Workers by Employment Status, Sector & Sex among Socio- Religious Groups (Percentage) 2004 - 2005

2.7 Distribution of Non-agricultural Workers across Industrial Categories by Sex (Percentage) 2004 - 2005

3.1 Percentage Distribution of Unorganised Sector Casual Non-agricultural Workers across Industry Groups 2004 - 2005

3.2 Percentage Distribution of Regular Non-agricultural workers across Industry Groups 2004 - 2005

3.3 Percentage of Casual Workers with Wages below National Minimum Wage of Rs. 66 across Industry Groups and by Gender 2004-2005: Rural

3.4 Percentage of Casual Workers with Wages below National Minimum Wage of Rs. 66 across Industry Groups by Gender 2004-2005: Urban

3.5 Percentage of Rural Non-agricultural Casual Labour (Casual Non-agricultural Daily Status) with Wages below Minimum Wage 2004 - 2005

3.6 Percentage of Urban Non-agricultural Casual Labour (Casual Non-agricultural Daily Status) with Wages below Minimum Wage 2004 - 2005

4.1 Workers and Enterprises in the Unorganised Sector

4.2 Own Account Enterprises: Fixed Asset per Enterprise and Gross Value Added Per Worker (Rs.) 1999-2000

4.3 Distribution of Value of Fixed Assets Rs. per Enterprise in Own Account Enterprises, 1999-2000

4.4 Percentage Distribution of Value of Fixed Assets per Enterprise (Rs.) in Establishments with Hired Workers, 1999-2000

4.5 Fixed Assets and Gross Value Added per Enterprises in OAE and Establishments (Rs.) 1999-2000

4.6 Categories of Self-employed Workers in Non-agricultural Unorganised Sector (million) 1999-2000

4.7 Percentage Distribution of Unorganised Non-agricultural Workers across Industry Groups 2004-05

4.8 Margins in Homework

5.1 Occupational Distribution among Weavers, Spinners & Related Occupations and Tailors & Related Occupations: All Workers 2004-05

5.2 Occupational Distribution among Physicians and Other Health Related Workers, All Workers, 2004-05

5.3 Fixed Asset per Reporting Enterprise among Proprietary Enterprises (Rs.) 1999-2000

5.4 Percentage Distribution of Value of Fixed Assets (Rs. per Enterprise) in Own Account Enterprises Proprietary Enterprises 1999-2000

5.5 Gross Value Added Per Worker among Proprietary Enterprises (Rs.), 1999-2000 

6.1 Incidence of Out of School Children (Labour Pool) and Child Labour (5 - 14 Years) across Quintile Groups (Percentage) 2004-05

6.2 Incidence of Out-of-School Children (Labour Pool) and Child Labour (5 - 14 Years) across Socio-religious Groups (Percentage) 2004 - 2005

6.3 Share of Boys and Girls in Principal Work, Attending Education and Domestic Duties (Usual Principal Status) by Age Group, Sector and Gender (Percentage) 2004 - 2005

7.1 Women's Share in the Agricultural Workforce (Percentage) 1983 - 2004-05

7.2 Poverty Ratio among Rural Agricultural Labourers by Socio-Religious Groups 2004 - 2005

7.3 Poverty Ratio among Farmers by Land (Possessed) Size Classes, Rural 2004 - 2005

7.4 Average Monthly Expenditure and Income by Farm Size for Rural Farmer Households: All-India 2003

8.1 Percentage of Rural Agricultural Labourers with Wages below Minimum Wage, 2004 - 2005

8.2 Distribution of Traumatic Accidents with Different Farm Machinery and Activities

8.3 Distribution of Total Migrants by Industry Groups: All India 1991 (all Duration)

8.4 Mandays of Rural Agricultural Labourers by Type of Operation and Gender, 2004-2005

8.5 Average Earnings per Manday (Rs.) of Rural Agricultural Labourers in Manual Work in Cultivation Operations by Gender 2004-2005

8.6 Casualisation of the Rural Agricultural Workforce by Gender, 2004-2005

9.1 Percentage Distribution of Outstanding Loans by Source & Social Groups 2003

9.2 Percentage Distribution of Outstanding Loans by Purpose of Loan 2003

9.3 Percentage Distribution of Outstanding Loans by Purpose & Land Size Classes 2003

9.4 Percentage Distribution of Outstanding Loans by Purpose & Social Groups 2003 

9.5 Tenant Holdings by Categories of Operational Holdings (Percentages) 1991-92 & 2002-03 (Kharif only)

9.6 Percentage Shares in Leased-in Area 1992 - 2003

List of Boxes

3.1 Limitation of data

3.2 Physical Conditions of Work

4.1 Value Addition per Worker of OAEs less than Notional Minimum Incomes

4.2 Problems Faced by Own Account Enterprises

4.3 Problems Faced by Establishments with Hired Workers

4.4 Legal Status of Vendors in Imphal

4.5 A Case for Hawking/Vending: Constitutional Provisions

4.6 A Case for Hawking/Vending: Court Proceedings

4.7 Recognition of the Rickshaw Puller

4.8 Shelters for Rickshaw Pullers

5.1 Domestic Workers

5.2 Below Notional Minimum Income of Female Proprietors

5.3 "Hidden costs" borne by homeworkers

7.1 Definition of Farmers

9.1 Farmers' Suicides

12.1 The Case for a Multifaceted Approach

12.2 NCEUS on Special Economic Zones (SEZs)

12.3 NCEUS Recommendations on Urban Street Vendors

12.4 NCEUS Tack Force on Credit

12.5 NCEUS on Unorganised Sector Growth Poles (GP)

 

List of Appendix Tables

A1.1 Size & Distribution of the Organised and Unorganised Sector Workers by Industry  & Status 2004 - 05

A1.2 Estimates of Organised & Unorganised Workers/Employment by Industry (Million)

A1.3 Percentage of Workers in Unorganised Sector & Unorganised Workers by Gender across the States 2004-2005

A1.4 Number (Millions) of Workers in Unorganised Non-agricultural Sector by Status of Employment 1999-2000

A2.1 Distribution of Rural Non-agricultural Workers by Land Size Class and Socio-Religious Groups 2004 - 2005

A2.2 Mean Years of Schooling of Non-agricultural Workers by Employment Status, Sector, Sex and Sector of Occupation 2004-2005

A2.3 Non-agricultural Workers' Mean Years of Schooling across Major States by Sector and Sex 2004 - 2005

A2.4 Percentage Distribution of Non-agricultural Workers according to Educational Attainment Levels, Sex & Sector of Occupation 2004 - 2005

A2.5 Non-agricultural workers' Educational Attainment Levels across Major States by Sector and Sex 2004 - 2005: Rural (Percentages)

A2.6 Non-agricultural Workers' Educational Attainment Levels across Major States by Sector and Sex 2004 - 2005: Urban (percentages)

A2.7 Mean Years of Schooling of Non-agricultural Workers by Sector, Sex and Sector of Occupation among Social Groups 2004 - 2005: Total

A2.8 Mean Years of Schooling of Non-agricultural Workers by Sector, Sex and Sector of Occupation among Social Groups 2004 - 2005: Rural

A2.9 Mean Years of Schooling of Non-agricultural Workers by Sector, Sex and Sector of Occupation among Social Groups 2004 - 2005: Urban

A2.10 Percentage of Non-agricultural Workers by Employment Status, Sector and Gender among Socio-Religious Groups 2004-2005

A2.11 Percentage of Unorganised Workers among All Non-agricultural Workers in Industry Groups, across States 2004-2005

A2.12 Percentage of Unorganised Workers among All Non-agricultural Workers in each Occupational Category across States 2004-2005

A2.13 Percentage Distribution of Non-agricultural Workers across Occupational Categories by Status and Gender 2004-2005

A2.14 Poverty Ratios among Unorganised Non-agriculture Workers by Social Groups

A2.15 Poverty Ratios among Unorganised Sector Workers by Sector & Industry 2004-2005

A2.16 Poverty Ratios among Unorganised Sector Workers by Employment Status and Industry 2004-2005

A3.1 Average Daily Earnings of Casual Workers by Industry and Gender, Rural 2004-05

A3.2 Average Daily Earnings of Casual Workers by Industry and Gender, Urban 2004-05

A3.3 Average Daily Earnings of Casual Workers in Manufacturing by Industry and Sector 2004-05

A3.4 Average Daily Earnings of Casual Workers in Manufacturing by Industry and Gender 2004-05

A3.5 Average Daily Earnings of Regular Workers by Industry and Gender, Rural 2004-05

A3.6 Average Daily Earnings of Regular Workers by Industry and Gender Urban 2004-05

A4.1 Percentage Distribution of Self- employed Workers in Unorganised Non-agriculture across the States2004-2005

A4.2 Percentage Distribution of Enterprises by Size of Enterprise in Unorganised Non-agriculture across the States, 1999-2000

A4.3 Percentage Distribution of Total Workers by Size of the Enterprise in Unorganised Non-agriculture across the States 1999-2000

A4.4 Percentage Distribution of OAEs by Location and Broad Industry Group, 1999-2000

A4.5 Percentage of Enterprises without Any Registration by States 1999-2000 

A4.6 Percentage of Homeworkers in Self- employed by States 1999-2000

A5.1 Percentage Distribution of Unorganised Non-agricultural Women Wage Workers across Industrial Categories 2004-05

A5.2 Percentage Distribution of Unorganised Non-agricultural Self-employed Female Workers across Industrial Categories 2004-2005

A5.3 Share of Male and Female Proprietary Enterprises by Most Serious Problem Faced (Percentage) 1999-2000

A6.1 Incidence of Child Labour and Out -of-School Children (Labour Pool) (5 - 14 Years) across the States (Percentage) 2004 - 2005 269

A7.1 State-wise Percentage Share of Agricultural Workers in Total Rural Workforce 270

A7.2 State-wise Percentage of Rural Agricultural Workforce across Types of Employment

A7.3 State-wise Distribution of Households by Size of Land Possessed (Hectares): Rural (Percentage) 2004 - 2005

A7.4 Percentage of Rural Agricultural Labour Households by Social Groups

A7.5 Average Monthly Income Per Farmer Household (Rs. / month) From Cultivation by Size Classes of Land Holdings (Hectares) 2003

A8.1 Average Daily Earnings (Rs) of Men, Women and Children in Rural Labour Households in Agricultural Occupations, 1999-2000

A9.1 Incidence of Indebtedness among Farmer Households by Farm Size (Percentages) 2003

A9.2 Average Amount of Outstanding Loans per Indebted Farmer Household by Land Size (Rs.) 2003

A9.3 Tenant Holdings & Operated Area Leased-In (Percentage) 1991-92 & 2002-03 (Kharif only)

A9.4 Awareness of bio-fertilizer, MSP & WTO by Size of Holdings (Percentage of Farmer Households) 2003

A9.5 Access to Extension Service Workers as a Source of Information on Modern Technology for Farming by Size of Holdings (Percentage of Farmer Households) 2003

A9.6 Access to Government Agencies as a Source of Information on Modern Technology by Size of Holdings(Percentage Farmer Households) 2003

A9.7 Membership of Cooperative Society by Size of Holdings (Percentage Farmer Households) 2003

A9.8 Membership of a Registered Farmers' Organization, Self-help Group by Size of Holdings (Percentage of Farmer Households) 2003

A9.9 Preference of Farming as Occupation by Size of Holdings (Percentage of Farmers) 2003

A11.1 State Laws for Unorganised Sector Workers

A11.2 State-wise Coverage of Shops and Commercial Establishments under the State Acts during the year 2003

A11.3 Ownership of Shops and Employments Therein during the Year by States 2004

A11.4 Organisational and Implementation Structure of Labour Laws in States & UTs 

A11.5 Enforcement of Minimum Wages Act, 1948 during 2004-05 by Central and State Governments / UT's

A11.6 Number of Inspections Made, Prosecutions Launched, Cases Disposed off bythe Courts and Amount of Fine Realized Under the Shops and Commercial Establishments Acts during the Year 2003 (by States)

A12.1 Administrative Structure for Governance of Self-employed Workers and Enterprises

A12.2 Government Ministries and Departments Engaged in Skill Training

 

List of Annexures
 

1. Agricultural Workers' Conditions Of Work and Social Security Bill, 2007

2. Unorganised Non-agricultural Workers' Conditions Of Work and Social Security Bill, 2007

3. Terms of Reference of the Commission

4. Past and Present Composition of the Commission

5. Composition of the Advisory Board

6. Summary of Responses/Comments from the Ministries of Government of India to the Draft 2007 Bills

7. Summary of Responses/Comments from the State Governments to the Draft 2007 Bills'

8. Summary of Responses/Comments from the Trade Unions to the Draft 2007 Bills

9. Summary of Responses/Comments from the NGOs, Academia and others to the Draft 2007 Bills

10. List of the Meetings, Discussions and Consultations on Conditions of work

11. Summary of Responses/Comments from the Stakeholders at Regional Consultations

12. List of Participants who attended the Regional Consultations on Conditions of Work & Promotion of Livelihoods in the Unorganised Sector

 

 
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